Pregnancy is a physically and nutritionally difficult phase for women, and they require additional food to support the nutritional needs of the fetus in addition to their own. Pregnancy is a time when the body undergoes fast physiological changes. Nutritional needs rise throughout pregnancy to support fetal growth and development while also promoting maternal metabolism and tissue growth.
Pregnant women's daily diets should include an extra 350 calories and 0.5 g protein in the first trimester, 6.9 g in the second trimester, and 22.7 g in the third trimester. Some micronutrients, such as folic acid, must be taken extra to lower the risk of congenital abnormalities. Another important mineral during pregnancy and lactation is calcium. Iodine is necessary for the mental health of the developing fetus and child. Vitamin A will aid in infant survival, while vitamins B12 and C are necessary for breastfeeding mothers.
• Increase your intake of whole grains, sprouted grains, and fermented foods.
• Increase the amount of milk, meat, eggs, fruits, and vegetables you consume.
• Tobacco and alcohol should be avoided.
• To meet nutritional needs, eat a wide variety of meals.
• Increase your energy intake by eating foods like rice, wheat, and millets.
• Protein can be found in milk, fish, meat, poultry, and eggs in appropriate amounts.
• Consume enough amounts of cereals, lentils, and nuts.
• To acquire extra minerals, eat green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits.